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(PDF) Recent Advances in Direct Coal Liquefaction

Recent Advances in Direct Coal Liquefaction . ... a large variety of new DCL pr ... Addition of biomass waste materials to coal is known to be synergetic in that it improves the yields and quality ...

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LIQUEFACTION | definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary

liquefaction meaning: the process of becoming a liquid or of making something a liquid: . Learn more.

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A Characterization and Evaluation of Coal Liquefaction ...

Coal Liquefaction Unit (RCLU) operations conducted in 1994 with Rawhide Mine ... • The Exxon materials tended to be more aromatic than their HTI counterparts. The Exxon ... new (1994 to the present) analytical techniques applicable to resids and similar materials

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New materials for coal liquefaction - Harvard University

Abstract A description is presented of the general criteria for the selection of materials for coal liquefaction catalysis. In addition to their catalytical effectiveness prospective catalysts must be able to meet certain criteria regarding their thermal and chemical stability.

  • Authors: R B Levy · J A CusumanoAbout: Thermodynamics · Thermal stability · Chemical kinetics · Chemical reaction · Hydroge.Get Price
Catalysis of Coal Liquefaction | SpringerLink

Abstract. The catalysis of coal liquefaction encompasses many reactions, conditions and catalytic and support materials. Catalytic processes for direct liquefaction of coal recently piloted or demonstrated such as H-coal, have used conventional hydrotreating or .

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Sewage material in coal liquefaction - West ia ...

May 28, 2013 · The present disclosure provides methods and systems for coal liquefaction using a sewage material. A method of obtaining a de-ashed coal extract includes exposing a coal to a sewage material in the presence of a coal-derived solvent to form a slurry, elevating the temperature of the slurry to facilitate liquefying the coal and liberating a volatile matter, and separating the insoluble ...

  • Authors: Alfred H StillerAffiliation: West ia University[PDF]Get Price
Coal Liquefaction Market - Global Industry Analysis and ...

The coal liquefaction market can be segmented based on type of liquefaction process, application, by-product, and region. Specific liquefaction processes are of two categories: direct coal liquefaction (DCL) and indirect coal liquefaction (ICL). Direct coal liquefaction process is based on approaches such as pyrolysis, carbonization, and ...

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nondestructive-evaluation needs for coal liquefaction by d. s. kupperman a argonne national laboratory, argonne, illinois prepared for the division of materials and exploratory research/fossil energy, u. s. energy research and development administration under contract w-31-10-eng-38 dn i1rinamom of this document is tinlmited

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Chemicals from Direct Coal Liquefaction - Chemical Reviews ...

Dr. Osamu Okuma is a coal scientist and a senior manager of the Research Institute of The New Industry Research Organization of Japan (NIRO). He earned a Ph.D. in the brown coal liquefaction process from Osaka University in Japan. He engaged in the research and development of brown coal liquefaction for 20 years (1976–1998) at Kobe Steel, Co ...

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Recent Advances in Direct Coal Liquefaction - mdpi

The growing demand for petroleum, accompanied by the declining petroleum reserves and the concerns over energy security, has intensified the interest in direct coal liquefaction (DCL), particularly in countries such as China which is rich in coal resources, but short of petroleum. In addition to a general introduction on the mechanisms and processes of DCL, this paper overviews some recent ...

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US3974073A - Coal liquefaction - Google Patents

Insoluble material is separated from a coal liquefaction product by gravity settling in at least two gravity settlers, with overflow from a previous settler being used as feed to the subsequent settler. A promoter liquid having characterization factor of at least 9.75, a 5 volume percent distillation temperature of at least 250°F and a 95 volume percent distillation temperature of at least ...

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Rational Design of Hydrogen-Donor Solvents for Direct Coal ...

Facing the challenge of processes in direct coal liquefaction (DCL), it is vital to develop optimal hydrogen-donor solvent (H-donor) to dramatically moderate coal liquefaction conditions. Here, we propose an approach for rational design of optimal H-donor candidates based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations combining reverse searching algorithm.

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Coal Liquefaction | Request PDF - ResearchGate

Liquefaction can be direct, from the coal itself, or indirect, from synthesis gas (CO and H2) obtained by gasification of the coal. Coal liquefaction incorporates both an increase in the H/C ratio ...

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Advantages & Disadvantages of Coal Gasification | Sciencing

You can learn about the disadvantages and advantages of coal by learning about how coal gasification emerged throughout history. Understanding the coal gasification process as one that's dimensional and composed of positives and negatives can let you make better decisions about using coal.

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Cargo liquefaction - GARD

cargo liquefaction iron nickel ore sinter feed TML IMSBC Code. Toggle navigation. Products; ... such as fluorspar, certain grades of coal, pyrites, millscale, sinter/pellet feed, etc. Of particular concern is the large number of cargoes of nickel ore loaded in Indonesia and the Philippines in respect of which there are doubts as to the accuracy ...

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Coal and Mining Flashcards | Quizlet

form of surface mining used on hilly or mountainous terrain. a power shovel cuts a series of terraces into the side of a hill. An earthmover removes the overburden, and a power shovel extracts the coal. The overburden from each new terrace is dumped onto the one below

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COAL LIQUEFACTION, Volume II - Assessment

Coal liquefaction is the conversion of coal to liquid hydrocarbon products. The major products of most coal liquefaction processes are condensed aromatic liquids; however, some gases and solids are also produced, depending on the type of coal, the process, and the operating conditions used [2].

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Coal Liquefaction - Dadyburjor - - Major Reference Works ...

Coal liquefaction incorporates both an increase in the H/C ratio and removal of heteroatoms (S, N, O) and inorganic oxides (ash). Successful industrial direct liquefaction processes must incorporate both these steps, along with the transport of solid and slurry ‐ phase material in large – scale processing.

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Coal Gets A Second Wind | endeavors

Coal producers in states such as Pennsylvania and Minnesota are already investing in coal liquefaction. The EPA says that coal diesel burns cleaner than regular diesel or gasoline, but carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are still by-products of fuel production and use. Other scientists are developing carbon sequestration methods to help ...

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US4052292A - Liquefaction of solid carbonaceous materials ...

This invention provides a method for solubilizing wood or wood and coal mixtures in a highly aromatic refinery petroleum solvent to produce homogeneous compositions which have a flowable pitch-like consistency at ambient temperatures. The invention compositions are directly applicable as liquid fuels, or can be further processed into other desirable products.

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